The Journal of cardiovascular surgery, 21 3 2023 The association between sarcopenia and adverse outcomes after complex endovascular aortic repair. Warmerdam BW, van Rijswijk CS, Droop A, Lucassen CJ, Hamming JF, van Schaik J, van der Vorst JR


Sarcopenia is identified as a predictive factor for adverse outcomes after complex endovascular aortic repair (complex EVAR). Consensus on preferred parameters for sarcopenia is not yet reached. The current study compares three CT-assessed parameters on their association with adverse outcomes after complex EVAR.


This was a single-center retrospective cohort study. Psoas Muscle Index (PMI), Skeletal Muscle Index (SMI), and lean psoas muscle area (LPMA) were examined by CT-segmentation. PMI, SMI, and LPMA were analyzed as continuous variables. In addition, cut-off values from previous research were used to diagnose patients as sarcopenic or non-sarcopenic. Outcomes were: all-cause mortality, major adverse events (MAE), length of hospital stay, and non-home discharge. A sub-analysis was made for severe sarcopenia; sarcopenia combined with low physical performance (gait speed, Time Up and Go test, Metabolic Equivalent of Task-score).


We included 101 patients. A higher PMI (HR=0.590, CI: 0.374-0.930, P=0.023), SMI (HR=0.453, CI: 0.267-0.768, P=0.003), and LPMA (HR=0.559, CI: 0.333-0.944, P=0.029) were associated with a lower risk of mortality. Sarcopenia based on cut-off values for PMI and LPMA was not significantly associated with survival. Sarcopenia based on SMI did present a higher mortality risk (P=0.017). A sub-analysis showed that severely sarcopenic patients were at even higher risk of mortality (P=0.036). None of the parameters were significantly associated with the other outcomes.


SMI had a slightly stronger association with mortality compared to PMI and LPMA. High-risk patients were selected by adding physical performance scores. Future research could focus on complex EVAR-specific PMI and LPMA cut-off values.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2023 11