European heart journal. Case reports, Volume 7, Issue 10, 19 3 2023, Pages ytad418 A case report of an intracardiac paraganglioma attached to the left main coronary artery in a patient with a succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit D mutation. Feijen M, Palmen M, Lamb HJ, Corssmit EPM, Antoni ML


Cardiac paragangliomas are extremely rare neuroendocrine tumours derived from neural crest cells that represent <2% of all paragangliomas. Approximately 35-40% of all paragangliomas are associated with inherited syndromes such as mutation in the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) enzyme.

Case summary

A 44-year-old male with an SDH complex subunit D (SDHD) mutation was diagnosed with an intracardiac paraganglioma attached to the left main coronary artery. Multimodality imaging, including gallium dotatate positron emission tomography computed tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) confirmed the suspected intracardiac paraganglioma. During follow-up with a CCTA, the mass showed growth, and surgical removal was recommended to anticipate on the risk of compression of the left main coronary artery. Prior to surgery, coronary angiography was performed, which showed no coronary calcifications. The highly vascularized paraganglioma was visible near the left main and proximal left anterior descending artery. The intracardiac paraganglioma was successfully removed through a median sternotomy with cardiopulmonary bypass, without any complications. The post-operative course was uneventful, and histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a paraganglioma.


Intracardiac paragangliomas in the vicinity of the left main coronary artery are rare, and surgical removal may be challenging. Therefore, screening and the use of multiple imaging modalities in patients with SDHD mutations prior to surgery is of major importance.

Eur Heart J Case Rep. 2023 8;7(10):ytad418