European journal of preventive cardiology, 16 3 2022, Pages zwac107 Achievement of ESC/EAS LDL-C treatment goals after an acute coronary syndrome with statin and alirocumab. Landmesser U, McGinniss J, Steg PG, Bhatt DL, Bittner VA, Diaz R, Dilic M, Goodman SG, Jukema JW, Loy M, Pećin I, Pordy R, Poulsen SH, Szarek M, White HD, Schwartz GG, ODYSSEY OUTCOMES Investigators
European guidelines set low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) treatment goals <1.4 mmol/L after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and <1.0 mmol/L for patients with recurrent cardiovascular events ≤2 years. Many ACS patients do not achieve these goals on statin alone. We examined actual goal achievement with alirocumab and projected achievement with ezetimibe, either added to optimized statin therapy.
Methods and results
The ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial (NCT01663402) compared alirocumab with placebo in 18,924 patients with recent ACS and hyperlipidaemia despite high-intensity or maximum-tolerated statin therapy. This subanalysis comprised 17,589 patients with LDL-C ≥1.4 mmol/L at baseline who did not receive ezetimibe treatment. High-intensity statin treatment was used in 88.8%. Median (interquartile range) baseline LDL-C was 2.3 (1.9-2.7) mmol/L. With alirocumab, 94.6% of patients achieved LDL-C <1.4 mmol/L at ≥1 post-baseline measurement vs. 17.3% with placebo. Among 2236 patients with a previous cardiovascular event within 2 years (before the qualifying ACS), 85.2% vs. 3.5%, respectively, achieved LDL-C <1.0 mmol/L. Among patients not treated with ezetimibe, we projected that its use would have achieved LDL-C <1.4 and <1.0 mmol/L in 10.6% and 0%, respectively at baseline (assuming 18 ± 3% reduction of LDL-C).
Among patients with recent ACS and LDL-C ≥1.4 mmol/L despite optimized statin therapy, addition of alirocumab allowed 94.6% to achieve the 2019 European guideline LDL-C goal <1.4 mmol/L, and 85.2% of those with recurrent cardiovascular events to achieve <1.0 mmol/L. In contrast, addition of ezetimibe to optimized statin therapy was projected to achieve LDL-C <1.4 mmol/L in only 10.6% of patients at baseline.