Netherlands heart journal : monthly journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation, Volume 25, Issue 9, 01 September 2017, Pages 490-497 Classical determinants of coronary artery disease as predictors of complexity of coronary lesions, assessed with the SYNTAX score. Montero-Cabezas JM, Karalis I, Wolterbeek R, Kraaijeveld AO, Hoefer IE, Pasterkamp G, Pijls NH, Doevendans PA, Walterberger J, Kuiper J, van Zonneveld AJ, Jukema JW
We need new biomarkers that can predict cardiovascular disease to improve both diagnosis and therapeutic strategies. The CIRCULATING CELLS study was designed to study the role of several cellular mediators of atherosclerosis as biomarkers of coronary artery disease (CAD). An objective and reproducible method for the quantification of CAD extension is required to establish relationships with these potential biomarkers. We sought to analyse the correlation of the SYNTAX score with known CAD risk factors to test it as a valid marker of CAD extension.A subgroup of 279 patients (67.4% males) were included in our analysis. Main exclusion criteria were a history of previous percutaneous coronary intervention or surgical revascularisation that prevent an accurate assessment of the SS. Diabetes mellitus, smoking, renal insufficiency, body mass index and a history of CAD and myocardial infarction were all positively and strongly associated with a higher SYNTAX score after adjustment for the non-modifiable biological factors (age and sex). In the multivariate model, age and male sex, along with smoking and renal insufficiency, remain statistical significantly associated with the SYNTAX score.In a selected cohort of revascularisation-naive patients with CAD undergoing coronary angiography, non-modifiable cardiovascular risk factors such as advanced age, male sex, as well as smoking and renal failure were independently associated with CAD complexity assessed by the SYNTAX score. The SYNTAX score may be a valid marker of CAD extension to establish relationships with potential novel biomarkers of coronary atherosclerosis.
Keywords: Coronary angiography, coronary artery disease, risk assessment, risk factors