Cited 17 times since 2003 (1 per year) source: EuropePMC Anesthesia and analgesia, Volume 97, Issue 4, 01 October 2003, Pages 950-7, table of contents Perioperative assessment of left ventricular function by pressure-volume loops using the conductance catheter method. Tulner SA, Klautz RJ, van Rijk-Zwikker GL, Engbers FH, Bax JJ, Baan J, van der Wall EE, Dion RA, Steendijk P


Interpretation of perioperative measurements of cardiac function during cardiac surgery is complicated by changes in loading conditions induced by anesthesia, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and the surgical procedure itself. Quantification of left ventricular (LV) function by pressure-volume relations as obtained by the conductance catheter would be advantageous because load-independent indices can be determined. Accordingly, we evaluated methodological aspects of the conductance-catheter technique and documented LV function before and after CPB in eight patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. LV pressure-volume loops by transesophageal echocardiography-guided transaortic application of the conductance catheter were obtained at steady-state and during preload reduction by temporary occlusion of the inferior cava. All patients remained hemodynamically stable, and no complications occurred. Complete data were acquired within 15 min before and after CPB. Cardiac output (5.2 +/- 1.3 L/min to 6.0 +/- 1.4 L/min) and LV ejection fraction (46% +/- 17% to 48% +/- 19%) did not change, but end-diastolic pressure increased significantly after CPB (8 +/- 2 mm Hg to 16 +/- 7 mm Hg; P < 0.05). Load-independent systolic indices remained constant (end-systolic elastance

1.31 +/- 1.20 mm Hg/mL to 1.13 +/- 0.59 mm Hg/mL). Diastolic function changed significantly after CPB, as the relaxation time constant decreased from 64 +/- 6 ms to 52 +/- 5 ms (P < 0.05) and the chamber stiffness constant increased from 0.016 +/- 0.014/mL to 0.038 +/- 0.016/mL (P < 0.05). We conclude that the conductance catheter method provides detailed data on perioperative myocardial function and may be useful for evaluating the effects of new surgical and anesthetic procedures.


Pressure-volume loops provide on-line quantification of intrinsic systolic and diastolic myocardial function in a load-independent fashion. This study shows the feasibility of perioperative pressure-volume analysis by use of the conductance-catheter method. This method provides detailed data about the immediate effects of surgery and may be used to evaluate complex cardiac procedures.

Anesth Analg. 2003 Oct;97(4):950-7, table of contents