European heart journal, Volume 45, Issue 7, 1 1 2024, Pages 538-548 Implantable cardioverter defibrillator use in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in North America and Europe. Carrick RT, De Marco C, Gasperetti A, Bosman LP, Gourraud JB, Trancuccio A, Mazzanti A, Murray B, Pendleton C, Tichnell C, Tandri H, Zeppenfeld K, Wilde AAM, Davies B, Seifer C, Roberts JD, Healey JS, MacIntyre C, Alqarawi W, Tadros R, Cutler MJ, Targetti M, Calò L, Vitali F, Bertini M, Compagnucci P, Casella M, Dello Russo A, Cappelletto C, De Luca A, Stolfo D, Duru F, Jensen HK, Svensson A, Dahlberg P, Hasselberg NE, Di Marco A, Jordà P, Arbelo E, Moreno Weidmann Z, Borowiec K, Delinière A, Biernacka EK, van Tintelen JP, Platonov PG, Olivotto I, Saguner AM, Haugaa KH, Cox M, Tondo C, Merlo M, Krahn AD, Te Riele ASJM, Wu KC, Calkins H, James CA, Cadrin-Tourigny J

Background and aims

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are critical for preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD) in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). This study aims to identify cross-continental differences in utilization of primary prevention ICDs and survival free from sustained ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in ARVC.


This was a retrospective analysis of ARVC patients without prior VA enrolled in clinical registries from 11 countries throughout Europe and North America. Patients were classified according to whether they received treatment in North America or Europe and were further stratified by baseline predicted VA risk into low- (<10%/5 years), intermediate- (10%-25%/5 years), and high-risk (>25%/5 years) groups. Differences in ICD implantation and survival free from sustained VA events (including appropriate ICD therapy) were assessed.


One thousand ninety-eight patients were followed for a median of 5.1 years; 554 (50.5%) received a primary prevention ICD, and 286 (26.0%) experienced a first VA event. After adjusting for baseline risk factors, North Americans were more than three times as likely to receive ICDs {hazard ratio (HR) 3.1 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.5, 3.8]} but had only mildly increased risk for incident sustained VA [HR 1.4 (95% CI 1.1, 1.8)]. North Americans without ICDs were at higher risk for incident sustained VA [HR 2.1 (95% CI 1.3, 3.4)] than Europeans.


North American ARVC patients were substantially more likely than Europeans to receive primary prevention ICDs across all arrhythmic risk strata. A lower rate of ICD implantation in Europe was not associated with a higher rate of VA events in those without ICDs.

Eur Heart J. 2024 2;45(7):538-548