JACC. Clinical electrophysiology, Volume 8, Issue 4, 31 5 2022, Pages 437-449 Multielectrode Unipolar Voltage Mapping and Electrogram Morphology to Identify Post-Infarct Scar Geometry: Validation by Histology. Glashan CA, Tofig BJ, Beukers H, Tao Q, Blom SA, Villadsen PR, Lassen TR, de Riva M, Kristiansen SB, Zeppenfeld K

Objectives

This study sought to evaluate the ability of uni- and bipolar electrograms collected with a multielectrode catheter with smaller electrodes to: 1) delineate scar; and 2) determine local scar complexity.

Background

Early reperfusion results in variable endocardial scar, often overlaid with surviving viable myocardium. Although bipolar voltage (BV) mapping is considered the pillar of substrate-based ablation, the role of unipolar voltage (UV) mapping has not been sufficiently explored. It has been suggested that bipolar electrograms collected with small electrode catheters can better identify complex scar geometries.

Methods

Twelve swine with early reperfusion infarctions were mapped with the 48-electrode OctaRay catheter and a conventional catheter during sinus rhythm. BV electrograms with double components were identified. Transmural (n = 933) biopsy specimens corresponding to mapping points were obtained, histologically assessed, and classified by scar geometry.

Results

OctaRay UV (UVOcta) and BV (BVOcta) amplitude were associated with the amount of viable myocardium at a given location, with a stronger association for UVOcta (R2 = 0.767 vs 0.473). Cutoff values of 3.7 mV and 1.0 mV could delineate scar (area under the curve: 0.803 and 0.728 for UVOcta and BVOcta, respectively). The morphology of bipolar electrograms collected with the OctaRay catheter more frequently identified areas with 2 layers of surviving myocardium than electrograms collected with the conventional catheter (84% vs 71%).

Conclusions

UV mapping can generate a map to delineate the area of interest when using a multielectrode catheter. Within this area of interest, the morphology of bipolar electrograms can identify areas in which a surviving epicardial layer may overlay a poorly coupled, potentially arrhythmogenic, endocardium.

JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2022 1;8(4):437-449