European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Volume 55, Issue 4, 01 April 2019, Pages 751-759 Beyond the clinical impact of aortic and pulmonary valve implantation: health-related quality of life, informal care and productivity†. Huygens SA, van der Kley F, Bekkers JA, Bogers AJJC, Takkenberg JJM, Rutten-van Mölken MPMH
Our aim was to provide estimates of patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL), use of informal care and productivity in patients after surgical aortic and pulmonary valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
Consecutive cohorts of 1239 adult patients who had surgical aortic valve replacement or surgical pulmonary valve replacement and 433 patients who had transcatheter aortic valve implantation at 2 Dutch heart centres were cross-sectionally surveyed at a median time of 2.9 and 3.2 years after the intervention, respectively. The survey included questions on HRQoL (EQ-5D-5L and SF-12-v2), use of informal care and productivity in paid and unpaid work. All outcomes were compared with age and sex-matched individuals from the general population.
The response rate was 56% (n = 687) of patients who had surgical valve replacement and 59% (n = 257) of those who had transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Compared with the general population, patients reported poorer HRQoL on physical health domains, whereas their scores were comparable for mental health domains. After a heart valve implantation, patients reported using informal care more frequently than the general population, but labour participation was comparable. Patients with late complications [antibiotic treatment for endocarditis (n = 4), stroke (n = 11), transient ischaemic attack (n = 15)] reported lower HRQoL, greater use of informal care and greater productivity loss than patients without complications.
Patients who had aortic and pulmonary valve implantations experience relatively mild limitations in daily life compared to the general population. The consequences of a heart valve implantations beyond clinical outcomes should be considered to create realistic patient expectations of life after a heart valve implantation and unbiased resource allocation decisions at national levels.
Keywords: Bleeding, Thromboembolism, Antithrombotic Therapy, Mitral Valve Repair, Mitral Valve Annuloplasty, Productivity, Aortic Valve Replacement, Pulmonary Valve Replacement, Health-related Quality Of Life, Informal Care, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement