Cited 6 times since 2018 (2.6 per year) source: Scopus Cardiovascular Pathology, Volume 33, 02 February 2018, Pages 62-69 Pathogenesis of aortic wall complications in Marfan syndrome. Grewal N, Gittenberger-de Groot AC
Patients with Marfan (MFS) syndrome and patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) are more prone to develop aortic dilation and dissection compared to persons with a tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). To elucidate potential common as well as distinct pathways of clinical relevance, we compared the histopathological substrates of aortic pathology.Ascending aortic wall specimen were divided in five groups
BAV (n=36) and TAV (n=23) without and with dilation and non-dilated MFS (n=8). We performed routine histology to study aortic wall features based on the aortic consensus statement. Immunohistological markers for vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) maturation, and expression of fibrillin-1 were additionally investigated for the underlying pathogenesis.On basis of the routine histology the aorta in MFS was similar to the aorta in dilated TAVs (overall medial degeneration, elastic fiber fragmentation, loss and disorganization, , and VSMC nuclei loss). The other markers aided in clustering the MFS and BAV patients with a significantly lower fibrillin-1 expression as compared to the TAVs (p<0.05), a lower level of differentiated VSMC markers (p<0.05) and elastic fiber thinning.Pathogenesis of aortopathy in MFS overlaps with mechanisms seen in BAV and TAV, leading to a so called double hit hypothesis for aortic complications in MFS. The ascending aortic wall in MFS is immature with undifferentiated VSMCs and low levels of fibrillin-1. The immature media becomes even more vulnerable for aortopathy due to other degenerative features which develop probably as a direct consequence of the fibrillin-1 mutation.
Keywords: Molecular biology, Aorta, Histopathology, Aneurysm, Marfan syndrome, Bicuspid Aortic Valve