Cited 6 times since 1993 (0.2 per year) source: EuropePMC Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, Volume 425, Issue 5-6, 01 December 1993, Pages 426-433 Cardiac sympathetic denervation does not change the load dependence of the left ventricular end-systolic pressure/volume relationship in dogs. Schipper IB, Steendijk P, Klautz RJ, van der Velde ET, Baan J

It has been shown that in the intact canine heart the left-ventricular end-systolic pressure/volume relation (ESPVR) depends on loading conditions

an increase in arterial vascular resistance causes a leftwards shift and a steeper slope of the ESPVR, suggesting an increased inotropic state. Our purpose was to investigate the possible contribution of the sympathetic nervous system to this load sensitivity of the ESPVR, using intact, but denervated, hearts with normal coronary perfusion and afterload. We used two types of loading intervention

venous volume infusion and gradual occlusion of the descending aorta. ESPVRs were obtained in six anaesthetized open-chest dogs, both before and after bilateral ablation of the stellate ganglia. To exclude the influence of heart rate changes, bilateral vagotomy was performed and the heart was paced. The absence of (unpaced) heart rate changes in response to pressure alterations was used to confirm total denervation. Left ventricular pressure was measured with a micromanometer and volume with a conductance catheter. ESPVRs were essentially linear and characterized by their slope (Ees) and volume intercept at 12 kPa (V12). We found that Ees (P < 0.0001) and V12 (P < 0.05) were both significantly different during pressure and volume interventions (0.67 +/- 0.29 and 0.41 +/- 0.18 kPa/ml for Ees and 16.2 +/- 8.2 and 18.2 +/- 8.4 ml for V12 respectively). Denervation did not significantly affect the parameters of the ESPVR obtained by either volume infusion or aortic occlusion. Two-way analysis of variance revealed no significant interactive effect between denervation and intervention, indicating that the sympathetic nervous system does not influence the load dependency of the ESPVR.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Pflugers Arch. 1993 Dec;425(5-6):426-433