Targeted oncology, Volume 18, Issue 3, 21 3 2023, Pages 441-450 A Systematic Evaluation of Cost-Saving Dosing Regimens for Therapeutic Antibodies and Antibody-Drug Conjugates for the Treatment of Lung Cancer. Ter Heine R, van den Heuvel MM, Piet B, Deenen MJ, van der Wekken AJ, Hendriks LEL, Croes S, van Geel RMJM, Jansman FGA, Boshuizen RC, Franssen EJF, Smit AAJ, Dumoulin DW, Oude Munnink TH, Smit EF, Derijks HJ, van der Leest CH, Hendrikx JJMA, Moes DJAR, de Rouw N


Expensive novel anticancer drugs put a serious strain on healthcare budgets, and the associated drug expenses limit access to life-saving treatments worldwide.


We aimed to develop alternative dosing regimens to reduce drug expenses.


We developed alternative dosing regimens for the following monoclonal antibodies used for the treatment of lung cancer: amivantamab, atezolizumab, bevacizumab, durvalumab, ipilimumab, nivolumab, pembrolizumab, and ramucirumab; and for the antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab deruxtecan. The alternative dosing regimens were developed by means of modeling and simulation based on the population pharmacokinetic models developed by the license holders. They were based on weight bands and the administration of complete vials to limit drug wastage. The resulting dosing regimens were developed to comply with criteria used by regulatory authorities for in silico dose development.


We found that alternative dosing regimens could result in cost savings that range from 11 to 28%, and lead to equivalent pharmacokinetic exposure with no relevant increases in variability in exposure.


Dosing regimens based on weight bands and the use of complete vials to reduce drug wastage result in less expenses while maintaining equivalent exposure. The level of evidence of our proposal is the same as accepted by regulatory authorities for the approval of alternative dosing regimens of other monoclonal antibodies in oncology. The proposed alternative dosing regimens can, therefore, be directly implemented in clinical practice.

Target Oncol. 2023 4;18(3):441-450