Operative dentistry, Volume 48, Issue 2, 1 1 2023, Pages 176-185 Effects of 16% Carbamide Peroxide on Optical Properties of Thermally Aged Monolithic CAD-CAM Glass Ceramics with Different Surface Treatments. Murat S, Batak B, Yilmaz D, Öztürk C
This study aimed to investigate the effects of 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) on the relative translucency parameter (RTP) and color stability of thermally aged CAD-CAM glass-ceramics with glazing or polishing. Three different CAD-CAM blocks-feldspathic (VM), lithium disilicate (IPS), and zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic (VS)-were used in this study. The specimens were divided into two groups (n=10) according to surface treatments (glazing or polishing). Bleaching treatment with 16% CP was applied to the thermally aged specimens. A spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade Advance) was used to measure the CIE L*a*b*coordinates of the specimens on white and black backgrounds, and RTP and color difference (ΔE00) values were calculated. The surface topography of the specimens and the atomic weight of the elements were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray. The data were analyzed by using the two-way ANOVA test for ΔE00 values and two-way repeated measures ANOVA test for RTP and color parameters values (a=0.05) and the Tukey post-hoc test was used for multiple comparisons of the groups. RTP values were statistically influenced by material type, bleaching, and finishing technique, and the interaction among these factors was found to be significant (p<0.05). ΔE00 values were statistically influenced by material type, finishing technique, and the interaction among these factors was also found to be significant (p<0.05). IPS presented significantly lower RTP and ΔE00 values for both glazed and polished surfaces (p<0.05). 16% CP bleaching agent caused changes in translucency of aged VM and IPS at different levels. Glazed surfaces presented higher color stability in comparison to mechanically polished surfaces for VS (p<0.05).