Cardio-oncology (London, England), Volume 8, Issue 1, 15 3 2022, Pages 18 Case report: challenges in monitoring and treatment of anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity in young adults with osteosarcoma. Heemelaar JC, Janson J, Braun J, Speetjens FM, van de Sande MAJ, Hugo JDV, Barge-Schaapveld DQCM, Beeres SLMA, Tops LF, Gelderblom H, Antoni ML

Neo(adjuvant) systemic treatment regimens containing anthracyclines such as doxorubicin cause a significant risk of heart failure. These regimens are one of the corner stones of osteosarcoma treatment, and therefore several guidelines are in place to steer cardiotoxicity monitoring through baseline risk stratification and cardiac surveillance during and after completion of cancer therapy.Importantly, baseline risk stratification modules are dependent on age, prior cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors. Because the majority of osteosarcoma patients are below 30 years of age these criteria rarely apply and most patients are assigned to low or medium risk categories, whereas cardiovascular complications have profound impact on morbidity and mortality in this young population. Therefore, cardiac surveillance is very important in this group for timely detection of cardiotoxicity. Moreover, when severe cardiotoxicity that requires advanced heart failure treatment occurs, a cancer diagnosis has significant implications on treatment options, i.e. mechanical circulatory support and heart transplantation.These challenges are presented in this case of a patient without clinical risk factors admitted with cardiogenic shock requiring advanced heart failure treatment within 1 month after completion of doxorubicin containing chemotherapy for the treatment of high grade osteosarcoma.

Cardiooncology. 2022 11;8(1):18