Cited 1 times since 2021 (1.4 per year) source: EuropePMC Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology, Volume 23, Issue 12, 1 1 2021, Pages 1989-1997 Accuracy of electroanatomical mapping-guided cardiac radiotherapy for ventricular tachycardia: pitfalls and solutions. Abdel-Kafi S, Sramko M, Omara S, de Riva M, Cvek J, Peichl P, Kautzner J, Zeppenfeld K


To analyse and optimize the interobserver agreement for gross target volume (GTV) delineation on cardiac computed tomography (CCT) based on electroanatomical mapping (EAM) data acquired to guide radiotherapy for ventricular tachycardia (VT).

Methods and results

Electroanatomical mapping data were exported and merged with the segmented CCT using manual registration by two observers. A GTV was created by both observers for predefined left ventricular (LV) areas based on preselected endocardial EAM points indicating a two-dimensional (2D) surface area of interest. The influence of (interobserver) registration accuracy and availability of EAM data on the final GTV and 2D surface location within each LV area was evaluated. The median distance between the CCT and EAM after registration was 2.7 mm, 95th percentile 6.2 mm for observer #1 and 3.0 mm, 95th percentile 7.6 mm for observer #2 (P = 0.9). Created GTVs were significantly different (8 vs. 19 mL) with lowest GTV overlap (35%) for lateral wall target areas. Similarly, the highest shift between 2D surfaces was observed for the septal LV (6.4 mm). The optimal surface registration accuracy (2.6 mm) and interobserver agreement (Δ interobserver EAM surface registration 1.3 mm) was achieved if at least three cardiac chambers were mapped, including high-quality endocardial LV EAM.


Detailed EAM of at least three chambers allows for accurate co-registration of EAM data with CCT and high interobserver agreement to guide radiotherapy of VT. However, the substrate location should be taken in consideration when creating a treatment volume margin.

Europace. 2021 12;23(12):1989-1997