Cited 1 times since 2021 (0.6 per year) source: EuropePMC EJVES vascular forum, Volume 52, 14 2 2021, Pages 26-29 Ruptured Aneurysm of the Common Iliac Artery Caused by <i>Brucella melitensis</i>: A Case Report. Willems SA, Buntinx M, Gelinck LBS, van Schaik J, Eefting D

Introduction

Brucella is a genus of aerobic Gram negative bacteria that causes the disease brucellosis. It is considered a zoonotic infection transmitted to humans by ingestion of unpasteurised dairy products. Although aortic involvement is rarely seen, it can be a life threatening complication of this disease. This case report describes a ruptured aneurysm of the common iliac artery (CIA) due to secondary infection by Brucella melitensis.

Report

A 79 year old man with a known isolated aneurysm of the CIA presented with acute abdominal pain. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed rupture of the aneurysm. The patient underwent prompt endovascular repair. Several weeks after an uneventful recovery, the patient presented with spiking fever and abdominal discomfort. CT revealed an abscess anterior to the CIA. Blood and pus cultures grew B. melitensis. In recurrent re-admissions, conservative antibiotic therapy proved to be insufficient. Eventually, neo-aorto-iliac system (NAIS) reconstruction using bilateral femoral veins was performed to provide definitive treatment four months after initial presentation.

Conclusion

Although Brucella infected aneurysms are rare, they are associated with life threatening disease. Diagnosing this type of brucellar infection can be challenging owing to the long incubation time needed for blood and tissue cultures. Definitive treatment of these aneurysms often needs open surgery and antibiotics for complete treatment. Vigilant surveillance is required to monitor for post-operative complications such as graft infection, recurrent (false) aneurysm, and abscess formation.

EJVES Vasc Forum. 2021 7;52:26-29