Cited 2 times since 2020 (1.2 per year) source: Scopus Respiratory research, Volume 21, Issue 1, 12 2 2020, Pages 52 Resistance of the respiratory system measured with forced oscillation technique (FOT) correlates with bronchial thermoplasty response. Goorsenberg AWM, d'Hooghe JNS, Slats AM, van den Aardweg JG, Annema JT, Bonta PI
Bronchial Thermoplasty (BT) is an endoscopic treatment for severe asthma using radiofrequency energy to target airway remodeling including smooth muscle. The correlation of pulmonary function tests and BT response are largely unknown. Forced Oscillation Technique (FOT) is an effort-independent technique to assess respiratory resistance (Rrs) by using pressure oscillations including small airways.
To investigate the effect of BT on pulmonary function, assessed by spirometry, bodyplethysmography and FOT and explore associations between pulmonary function parameters and BT treatment response.
Severe asthma patients recruited to the TASMA trial were analyzed in this observational cohort study. Spirometry, bodyplethysmography and FOT measurements were performed before and 6 months after BT. Asthma questionnaires (AQLQ/ACQ-6) were used to assess treatment response.
Twenty-four patients were analyzed. AQLQ and ACQ improved significantly 6 months after BT (AQLQ 4.15 (±0.96) to 4.90 (±1.14) and ACQ 2.64 (±0.60) to 2.11 (±1.04), p = 0.004 and p = 0.02 respectively). Pulmonary function parameters remained stable. Improvement in FEV1 correlated with AQLQ change (r = 0.45 p = 0.03). Lower respiratory resistance (Rrs) at baseline (both 5 Hz and 19 Hz) significantly correlated to AQLQ improvement (r = - 0.52 and r = - 0.53 respectively, p = 0.01 (both)). Borderline significant correlations with ACQ improvement were found (r = 0.30 p = 0.16 for 5 Hz and r = 0.41 p = 0.05 for 19 Hz).
Pulmonary function remained stable after BT. Improvement in FEV1 correlated with asthma questionnaires improvement including AQLQ. Lower FOT-measured respiratory resistance at baseline was associated with favorable BT response, which might reflect targeting of larger airways with BT.
NCT02225392; Registered 26 August 2014.