Cited 2 times since 2019 (6.5 per year) source: Scopus European Heart Journal, Volume 40, Issue 27, 01 July 2019, Pages 2206-2214 Impact of recurrent mitral regurgitation after mitral valve repair for functional mitral regurgitation: long-term analysis of competing outcomes. Petrus AHJ, Dekkers OM, Tops LF, Timmer E, Klautz RJM, Braun J
Recurrent mitral regurgitation (MR) has been reported after mitral valve repair for functional MR. However, the impact of recurrent MR on long-term survival remains poorly defined. In the present study, mortality-adjusted recurrent MR rates, the clinical impact of recurrent MR and its determinants were studied in patients after mitral valve repair with revascularization for functional MR in the setting of ischaemic heart disease.
Methods and results
Long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcome was evaluated in 261 consecutive patients after restrictive mitral annuloplasty and revascularization for moderate to severe functional MR, between 2000 and 2014. The cumulative incidence of recurrent MR ≥ Grade 2, assessed by competing risk analysis, was 9.6 ± 1.8% at 1-year, 20.3 ± 2.5% at 5-year, and 27.6 ± 2.9% at 10-year follow-up. Cumulative survival was 85.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 81.0-90.0] at 1-year, 67.3% (95% CI 61.1-72.6%) at 5-year, and 46.1% (95% CI 39.4-52.6%) at 10-year follow-up. Age, preoperative New York Heart Association Class III or IV, a history of renal failure, and recurrence of MR expressed as a time-dependent variable [HR 3.28 (1.87-5.75), P < 0.001], were independently associated with an increased mortality risk. Female gender, a history of ST-elevation myocardial infarction, a preoperative QRS duration ≥120 ms, a higher preoperative MR grade, and a higher indexed left ventricular end-systolic volume were independently associated with an increased likelihood of recurrent MR.
Mitral valve repair for functional ischaemic MR resulted in a low incidence of recurrent MR with favourable clinical outcome up to 10 years after surgery. Presence of recurrent MR at any moment after surgery proved to be independently associated with an increased risk for mortality.
Keywords: Ischaemic Heart Disease, Mitral Valve Repair, Functional Mitral Regurgitation, Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation, Competing Risk Analysis