Cited 3 times since 2019 (3.1 per year) source: Scopus The Annals of thoracic surgery, Volume 108, Issue 1, 30 January 2019, Pages 81-88 10-Year Outcomes After Left Ventricular Reconstruction: Rethinking the Impact of Mitral Regurgitation. Petrus AHJ, Klein P, Tops LF, Dekkers OM, Hoogervorst LA, Couperus LE, Beeres SLMA, Klautz RJM, Braun J
Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction due to a post-infarction anteroseptal aneurysm carries a poor prognosis. Patients with refractory heart failure may be considered for advanced surgery, including left ventricular assist device implantation, heart transplantation and left ventricular reconstruction. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes after an integrated approach of left ventricular reconstruction with concomitant procedures (mitral/tricuspid valve repair, coronary revascularization), and assess risk factors for event-free survival, focusing on left ventricular geometry/function and presence of functional mitral regurgitation (MR).
A total of 159 consecutive heart failure patients who underwent left ventricular reconstruction between 2002 and 2011 were included. Mid-term echocardiographic and long-term clinical outcomes were evaluated. Preoperative risk factors were correlated to event-free survival (freedom from mortality, left ventricular assist device implantation, and heart transplantation).
Mid-term echocardiography demonstrated decreased indexed left ventricular end-systolic volumes (89 ± 42 mL/m2 preoperatively; 51 ± 18 at mid-term, p < 0.001), and absence of MR ≥ grade 2. Event-free survival was 83% ± 3% at 1-year, 68% ± 4% at 5-year, and 46% ± 4% at 10-year follow-up. Preoperative wall motion score index (WMSI; hazard ratio [HR] 3.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.7-5.8, p < 0.001) and presence of MR ≥ grade 2 (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.1, p = 0.014) were independently associated with adverse event-free survival.
Event-free survival is favorable in patients with WMSI < 2.5 and significantly worse when WMSI is ≥ 2.5. In both groups, the presence of preoperative MR ≥ grade 2 negatively affects event-free survival, despite successful correction of MR. Risk stratification by preoperative WMSI and MR grade supports the Heart team in choosing the optimal surgical strategy for patients with refractory heart failure.