Cited 38 times since 2011 (4.7 per year) source: Scopus The American journal of cardiology, Volume 107, Issue 12, 08 April 2011, Pages 1725-1729 Positive remodeling on coronary computed tomography as a marker for plaque vulnerability on virtual histology intravascular ultrasound. Kröner ES, van Velzen JE, Boogers MJ, Siebelink HM, Schalij MJ, Kroft LJ, de Roos A, van der Wall EE, Jukema JW, Reiber JH, Schuijf JD, Bax JJ

Coronary computed tomographic angiography allows direct evaluation of the vessel wall and thus positive remodeling, which is a marker of vulnerability. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between positive remodeling on computed tomography angiogram (CTA) and vulnerable plaque characteristics on virtual histologic intravascular ultrasound (VH IVUS) images. Forty-five patients (78% men, 58 ± 11 years old) underwent computed tomographic angiography followed by VH IVUS. On CTA, the remodeling index was determined for each lesion by a blinded observer using quantitative analysis. Positive remodeling was defined based on a remodeling index ≥1.0. Percent necrotic core and presence of thin-capped fibroatheroma (TCFA) were used as markers for plaque vulnerability on VH IVUS images. Ninety-nine atherosclerotic plaques were evaluated, of which 37 lesions (37.4%) were identified as having positive remodeling on CTA. Higher levels of plaque vulnerability were identified in lesions with positive remodeling compared to lesions without positive remodeling. Percent necrotic core was significantly higher in lesions with positive remodeling (15.7 ± 7.8%) compared to lesions without this characteristic (10.2 ± 7.2%, p <0.001). Furthermore, significantly more TCFA lesions were identified in positively remodeled lesions (n = 16, 43.2%) than in lesions without positive remodeling (n = 3, 4.8%, p <0.001). In conclusion, lesions with positive remodeling on CTA are associated with increased levels of plaque vulnerability on VH IVUS images including a higher percent necrotic core and a higher prevalence of TCFA. Thus evaluation of remodeling on CTA may provide a valuable marker for plaque vulnerability.

Am J Cardiol. 2011 Apr;107(12):1725-1729